Edvard Grieg (1843–1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist. He is widely considered one of the leading Romantic era composers, and his music is part of the standard classical repertoire worldwide. His Norwegian folk music compositions put the music of Norway in the international spectrum. Grieg had close ties with the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, and later became Music Director of the orchestra from 1880–1882.
In 1888, Grieg met Tchaikovsky in Leipzig and was struck by his sadness. Tchaikovsky thought very highly of Grieg's music, praising its beauty, originality and warmth. Grieg died in the late summer of 1907, aged 64, after a long period of illness. His final words were "Well, if it must be so." The funeral drew between 30,000 and 40,000 people out on the streets of his hometown to honour him and, following his wish, his own Funeral March in Memlory of Rikard Nordraak was played.